Born to great wealth, Louise Arner Boyd had the options that a life
without financial concerns promised. In place of comfort, she
chose the challenges of sub-zero temperatures, scientific exploration,
polar bears, and cramped living quarters. Starting in the 1920's,
she took the highly unusual path of becoming an explorer of the Arctic.
In recognition of her endeavors a portion of Greenland was named "Miss
Boyd Land" and a waterway was named "Louise Boyd Bank".
During her lifetime, Ms. Boyd went on seven arctic expeditions by
ship and dog sled, conducting scientific research, including geological
studies to determine the origin and history of the fjords and glaciated
valleys in Greenland. She photographed all aspects of her expeditions,
often taking the first pictures of the native people and the regions
The maps provided to the expeditions were
often incorrect. She corrected these errors and new maps were
drawn. Plant ecology studies, collection of botanical specimens,
the analysis of cloud formations and water conditions, and recording
the depths of the region's waterways were all parts of her expeditions.
During World War II, her knowledge of the Arctic area made her an
invaluable resource to the American Navy. She also served as
a consultant to military intelligence throughout much of the war.
She received numerous awards and honors for her distinguished scientific
work. At age 67, Louise Boyd chartered an American DC4 and,
flying from Oslo, Norway, became the first woman to fly over the North
Pole. Louise Boyd was also a generous patron of the arts, supporting
numerous organizations throughout her life.
Barth Epstein, M.D.,
D. Sc. (h.c.)
Lois Barth Epstein is a limitless woman who excels as a physician
and scientist; as wife, mother and grandmother; as a community leader;
and now as an artist.
A 1959 graduate of Harvard Medical School, Lois achieved international
recognition for accomplishments in medical research. As UCSF
Professor of Pediatrics and Director of the interferon and Tumor
Immunology Laboratory in the Cancer Research Institute, Dr. Epstein
pioneered in interferon, cytokine, and Down syndrome research.
Her many honors include a National Institutes of Health MERIT award,
the Lifetime Achievement in Research Award from the International
Society for Interferon and Cytokine Research, and an honorary Doctor
of Science degree. The author of more than 130 scientific
publications, she has served on advisory committees to NIH and on
editorial boards of scientific journals. She has lectured
and chaired scientific sessions around the world.
Lois mentored students and younger faculty throughout her career.
She was Chair of the Mentoring Committee of Women in Cancer Research.
Service to community has been equally important. She has served
as Chair of Endowment of the Marin Symphony, President of the Board
of the Dance Association, and currently serves on the Art and Endowment
committees of the Peninsula Library Foundation Board of the Belvedere-Tiburon
Married for 45 years to a fellow physician, Lois has been a steadfast
presence in his life. She takes great joy in the lives of
her daughter, her three sons and their wives, her five grandchildren,
and her extended family. Lois prepared for retirement by training
in the art of glass. She now does mosaics and flame working
in her home studio.
Read in Dr. Epstein's own words about the experience of being an honoree.
Millie Hughes-Fulford, Marin's first astronaut, orbited space for
nine days in June 1991 as a payload specialist aboard NASA's first
Spacelab mission dedicated to biomedical studies. The SLS-1
mission flew over 3.8 million miles, 140 orbits and its crew completed
over 18 experiments during a 9 day period bringing back more medical
data than any previous NASA flight.
Dr. Hughes-Fulford's work helped to prepare
future crews for long stays in space, whether on a permanent space
station, staffing an outpost on the moon or flying years-long missions
to Mars. It also helped provide insight into medical disorders
on earth, including hypertension, bone disease and heart failure.
Science has long been Dr. Hughes-Fulford's
chosen field of study. She entered college at age 16 and majored
in biology and chemistry, earning her doctorate in chemistry.
Selected by NASA in 1983, she spent seven years training for the space
flight, all the while continuing her career as a biochemist directing
cellular research at the Veteran's Affairs Medical Center in San Francisco.
Following the Spacelab mission, she
served as Scientific Advisor to the Under Secretary of the Department
of Veterans Affairs for 3 years. Today, as a Professor at the
University of California Medical Center at San Francisco, in addition
to her duties with the VA, Dr. Hughes-Fulford continues as a principal
medical investigator for a number of projects, including the study
of cancer with the VA and the regulation of bone growth with NASA.
Read the extended biography by Connie Karczewsk